What is Shoulder Instability?
Your shoulder joint is composed of the humerus and the glenoid fossa. This joint is like a ball-and-socket joint. The glenoid holds the end of the humerus. The humerus can be dislocated partly because the glenoid is shallow. If instability has already compromised the shoulder joint, a dislocation is more likely.
Shoulder instability can be categorized into two types. They are:
- Shoulder Subluxation: In this case, the shoulder gets dislocated partially. Part of it gets out of the socket.
- Shoulder Dislocation: In this case, the humerus gets separated from the glenoid. If it is a complete dislocation, the labrum can be torn. Chronic shoulder instability can be a result of a shoulder dislocation.
Causes and Symptoms of Shoulder Instability
- A car accident
- A blunt trauma
- Sports injury
- Intense pain in shoulder joint
- Feelings of instability
- Numbness in arm
- Change in the appearance of the shoulder
Treatments for This Condition
The good news is, there are effective treatments. You can receive treatments for all types of shoulder instability in Atlanta. If the case is not severe, you may receive non-surgical treatments. In a more complicated case, you will receive surgical treatments.
- Shoulder immobilization and stabilization
Surgical Treatment: Shoulder Labral Repair
What is the function of the labrum?
It is basically a rim of cartilage that surrounds the shoulder joint rim. The labrum provides stability by deepening the socket of the shoulder.
How does it get injured?
Labral injury can occur due to multiple issues. It is mostly an overuse or dislocation injury. Some sports, such as overhead throwing, can cause this injury.
How is the labrum repaired?
If you are thinking of receiving surgical treatment in Atlanta for shoulder instability, you may want to know how the labrum is repaired. Arthroscopy is used to repair a labrum. A small camera is used to visualize the joint. Three small portals are made to repair it. The surgeon detaches a part of the labrum from the bone. Then, she uses sutures to reattach it. Small anchors are used to reinforce it.
How long does the patient have to stay in the hospital?
It is an ambulatory surgery. That means, it can be performed in a single day in Atlanta. You can go home just after surgery.
What are the possible complications?
Postoperative infection and nerve damage are two possible complications, as with any surgery. There are also specific risks such as postoperative stiffness and re-tear.
When can I start driving?
As long as you are taking pain medication, you must avoid driving.
When will it go back to the normal level of function?
Most patients require about 5 months of rehabilitation before they return to normal activities. You can shorten your recovery period by following your exercise program and focusing on physical therapy.
When can I take part in sports?
As we have mentioned, you can receive safe treatments for shoulder instability. After your surgery, you should not run for at least the first 3 months. Running can be bad for a weak shoulder joint. It can hamper the healing process. Two weeks after your surgery, you may be allowed to ride a bike. You can use an elliptical machine, but make sure you do it without arm motions. Depending on your progress, you may be able to return to sports in 5-6 months.